The discipline of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) at Nanjing University of Science and Technology（NJUST）began in 1953. There are six undergraduate majors now, including MSE, Materials Processing and Control Engineering, Materials Physics, Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology, Polymer Materials Science and Engineering, and Materials Chemistry. Of these, MSE is a national first-level major and a brand major in Jiangsu Province. Moreover, MSE has a first-level discipline doctoral program and a post-doctoral station, with more than 1,000 undergraduates choosing this major as well as over 600 doctoral and master students. The MSE discipline at NJUST has achieved a ranking of 1.57‰ in the 2020 ESI Global Material Subject Ranking and is 13th in China according to 2020 Shanghai Ranking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects.
There are several characteristic research directions for the MSE discipline in recent five years, including high-performance advanced metallic materials, intelligent precision material processing, new display materials, micro-nano metallic materials and devices, and new energy materials, possessing on average annual funding of over 150 million RMB. The discipline currently has 11 national, provincial, and ministerial scientific research platforms and a material structure and performance characterization center worth more than 150 million RMB. The faculty members include 13 national-level talents who have won the National Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scholars and 4 external academicians. Many outstanding talents, including Dr. Lu Ke, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences with international influence, have been nurtured.
Representative academic staffs
Prof.Dr. Haibo Zeng is a doctoral supervisor whose main research direction is luminescent (display) materials. He is a Fellow of the Optical Society of America, a Fellow of the America Light Society. He is a globally highly-cited scientist of Clarivate in the materials science discipline, an executive director of China Instrumental Functional Materials Society, and deputy chief editor of The Journal of Inorganic Materials. His awards include the National Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scholars and Leading Talents of the National Ten Thousand Talents Program.
Prof. Dr. Guang Chen is a doctoral supervisor in advanced metallic materials research direction. He is a chair of the Intermetallic Compounds and Amorphous Alloys branch in the Chinese Materials Research Society. He has published more than 200 papers in top journals, including Nature Materials and Acta Materialia, etc., and has been honored by receiving the State Council Expert for Special Allowance and National Innovation Award.
Prof. Dr. Yuntian Zhu, a doctoral supervisor whose research direction is nanocrystal/ultrafine metals and alloys, holds the position of chief editor of the international journal Materials Research Letters and the fellow of the American Materials Research Society and American Physics Society. He has received the Distinguished Scientist/Engineer Award from the Metals and Materials Society and has published more than 240 papers in top journals such as Nature Materials and Nature Nanotechnology, with citations of more than 13,000 times.
Prof. Dr. Zhao Yonghao is a doctoral supervisor whose main research direction is nano-metals and high-entropy alloys. He has been awarded the National Science Fund of China for Distinguished Young Scholars and has published more than 180 SCI papers in Nature Materials, Advanced Materials, Physical Review Letters, Acta Materialia, etc., which have been cited more than 10,000 times.
Prof. Dr. Hebert Gleiter, the first director and Chair Professor of the Herbert Gleiter Institute of Nanoscience (HGI) in NJUST, is the nanomaterials founder. He is an academician of the German National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Indian Science Academy. He has published over 350 scientific papers in the top international journals and 7 books with citations ~16300. With an h-index of 62, he has been the recipient of more than 20 international academic awards and has been nominated for the Nobel Prize award in 2000.
Prof. Dr. Harald Fuchs, the second Director of HGI, is an academician of the German National Academy of Sciences and the European Science Academy. He is a Professor at the University of Münster, Germany, and has been awarded the Friendship Award of the Chinese Government and China International Scientific and Technological Co-operation Award. Having published over 400 scientific papers in the top international journals, Nature, Science, Nature Nanotechnology, Nature Mat., etc., he has made 250 invited reports, co-authored 15 books, and had 33 patent applications.
Prof. Dr. Horst Hahn has been the Executive Director of the Institute for Nanotechnology at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) since 2004 and the Group Leader (PI) of Nanoglass group of HGI in NJUST. He is an academician of the German Academy of Sciences, the US National Academy of Engineering, and the European Academy of Science and is a Fellow of the Materials Research Society. Prof. Horst Hahn is the co-author of more than 350 publications on his research.
Jiawei Chen achieved his bachelor's degree in MSE from NJUST in 2018 and is now pursuing a Ph.D. He has published a total of 9 SCI papers and 5 authorized national invention patents. The work of perovskite quantum dot light-emitting diodes of high-efficiency electro-induced white light has been published in Nature Photonics. He has won a total of ~50 honors, including the special prize of the 15th Challenge Cup National College Students' Extracurricular Academical Science and Technology Competition in 2017, the gold prize of the 2020 China International College Students' Internet + Innovation and Entrepreneurship Competition, etc.
Xiaohui Zhu is a Ph.D. candidate at Materials Science and Engineering, NJUST. His research focuses on manganese-rich oxides cathodes, and the related works have been published in Nature Sustainability and Nature Communications. During his doctoral studies, he has published 17 journal articles in SCI. In addition, he also applied for 2 national invention patents.
Zhixiang Qi achieved bachelor's and doctorate degrees in MSE from NJUST in 2014 and 2019. He mainly works on the research of TiAl high-temperature and high-performance material (published in Nature Materials). He has published 8 academic papers and 3 authorized international invention patents and won the first rank prize in the Jiangsu Science and Technology Award.
Representative achievements and domestic & international influences of the discipline
High-performance advanced metals research direction promoted the development ofthe synthesis and processing of TiAl single crystal and the related advanced metallic materials for high-temperature applications. This direction has published 186 papers in Nature Materials, etc., in the past five years, and has applied for 61 national invention patents with 28 authorized Chinese and 3 authorized international patents. This direction also won the National Technology Invention second prize, and total funding in the past two years has reached 390 million.
New display materials research direction drove the innovation of ultra-high-resolution flexible displays, high-precision medical imaging, and developed new semiconductor materials and quantum dot light-emitting materials from basics to applications. More than 200 papers have been published in Nature Photonics, Nature Communications, etc., including dozens of ESI highly cited papers and ESI hot papers in the past five years.
New energy materials research direction successfully developedenergy storage materials and devices and microstructure control, design, and properties of materials in energy-efficient utilization. The research objects mainly include lithium-ion batteries and supercapacitors. More than 200 papers have been published, including Nature Sustainability, Nature Communication., Advanced Materials, etc. These papers have been cited over 11000 times, including a highly cited paper with 1500 times. There are more than 40 authorized invention patents in this research direction. This direction also won the second prize in the National Science and Technology Award.
Intelligent, precise material processing has produced 11 original technologies such as welding of dissimilar metals, hybrid stud welding, near-infrared vision sensing of the weld pool, wire arc additive manufacture, etc. More than 70 processing achievements, including dual robots with double-side and double-arc and over 400 sets of large equipment, have been applied in national projects, resulting in tens of billions of new returns for enterprises, owning more than 200 patents for invention. Furthermore, over 300 papers have been published in the past five years.
Domestic & international influences of the discipline
The MSE discipline initiated the research field of inorganic halogen perovskite quantum dot materials and display devices and developed a new system of all-inorganic perovskite quantum dots and their light-emitting devices. The research work related to the new perovskite quantum dot system and the first light-emitting devices were commented on as The first report by Professor Arto, an academician of the American Academy of Sciences, in the FOCUS | COMMENTARY column of Nature Nanotechnology.
The new synthesis technology of PST TiAl single crystal preparation achieved an excellent combination of strength, plasticity and creep resistance, and a leap-forward improvement. Compared with the US 4822-TiAl alloy, which represents the top international level. The representative paper was selected as the cover paper of Nature Materials, and the ESI highly cited paper. Peers, including 18 Chinese and foreign academicians, cited and commented on Nature, Nature Materials, Acta Materialia, etc. As a 'break-through', it was written into the fifth edition of the international authoritative textbook Light Alloys.